Washington [US], June 4 (ANI): According to a new study, men make more extreme decisions and decisions compared to women.
This is the main discovery of the new research that has involved more than 50,000 participants in 97 samples, published in the prestigious journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS).
The results show that men’s most extreme decisions and decisions can be both positive and negative.
“The question of whether men and women make systematically different decisions and decisions is one of the most fundamental (and controversial) issues in psychological research,” said Associate Professor Stefan Volk of the University of Sydney Business School.
“We found that men were much more likely than women to place themselves at the ends of the behavioral spectrum, either acting in a very selfish or very altruistic way, very confident or very distrustful, very fair or very unfair, very risky or very risk averse. focused on the very short or very long term, “Volk added.
The findings could affect policies aimed at regulating extreme behaviors such as the recent GameStop trading frenzy after Reddit retailers had a short reach.
“Our research suggests that policies aimed at reducing extreme behaviors should be more tailored to men,” said Drs. Volk.
Researchers suggest that differences may have evolutionary roots, but there are also alternative explanations for the existence of what is often known as greater male variability.
“Parental investment theory explains that men, unlike women, invest less in raising children, are less selective in their choice of partner, and compete more for sexual partners,” Associate Professor Volk explained. .
“This evolutionary theory suggests that men had to deviate from the average to stand out and be attractive to women in order to reproduce, while women were able to attract sexual partners without deviating from the average,” added Volk.
“Another explanation could be the norms and expectations of acceptable gender behavior and that men’s extreme behaviors are socially constructed and reinforced,” Volk said.
“This alternative theory suggests that socially constructed patriarchy in many societies has managed to restrict women and the opportunity to show the same level of variability as men,” Volk noted.
Associate Professor Stefan Volk, worked with an international team to examine sexual differences in altruism, cooperation, trust, equity, and attitudes toward time and risk in economic decision-making. The researchers found systematic evidence of greater male variability.
He added that these gender differences in variability are difficult to detect in research focused on gender differences in mean behaviors. This is why they have been overlooked in most previous research, which has traditionally focused on average gender differences rather than the range of behaviors. But we need to look at the differences in extreme behaviors to understand what may be causing these extreme values.
The PNAS paper is the second in a series by Associate Professor Volk on greater male variability; the first has just been published in the internationally leading psychological journal Psychological Science.
This previous research included two large-scale meta-analyzes of economic decision-making studies and studies on the behavior of organizational citizens with more than 20,000 participants.
Although the researchers found no differences in the degree to which men and women behaved cooperatively on average, they found strong evidence of greater male variability in cooperation. (ANI)