According to CIA statistics, Taiwan ranks first in the country with the lowest fertility rate in 2021, with 1.07 births per woman. South Korea, Singapore, Macau and Hong Kong occupy the top five low fertility rates, indicating that these countries and regions are facing a crisis of low birth rates.
Taipei, Taiwan (Merxwire): The coronavirus pandemic has caused a sharp drop in the birth rate of all countries worldwide and has led to serious challenges to the international economic situation. According to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), it calculates the 2021 fertility rate for 227 countries or regions, and statistics show that among the five lowest countries are four Asian countries, including Taiwan, South Korea. South, Singapore and Hong Kong Taiwan ranks first in the lowest fertility rate in the world.
The data indicate that Taiwan’s fertility rate is estimated at 1.07 children per woman in 2021, making it the lowest fertility rate in the world. The fertility rate is the average number of children born to each woman of childbearing age in a country. Women between the ages of 15 and 45 are considered to be of childbearing age. The fertility rate of a country affects its economic situation and is also one of the keys to the health and education of the population.
Taiwan’s control of the coronavirus pandemic is good, but the fertility rate continues to decline. According to Taiwan’s Interior Ministry statistics, the number of babies in Taiwan last year was just 165,249, a record low, and the number of deaths exceeded the number of first-time births. The number of births in the first quarter of this year was 34,917, a year-on-year decrease of 13.6%. The death toll was 12,709 more than the births. This year’s natural population growth has shown negative growth for three consecutive months. Experts say that if the birth rate continues to fall, it can hinder economic growth and it will be a challenge to support a social safety net.
The study found that the fertility and birth rate in developed countries is usually much lower because women know birth control and often choose occupations before becoming mothers. Many Taiwanese women have to go to work during the day and have to deal with household chores when they return home at night. This is one of the reasons why it is difficult to increase the number of births in general.
The Taiwanese government has promoted many maternity allowance policies for many years. Subsidies in Taipei City include maternity pensions, childcare allowances, childcare allowance and tuition fees. The total amount of grants exceeds US $ 600,000. The government is actively creating public preschools, parents and children and implementing a parental leave policy, hoping to increase women’s willingness to give birth. Many governments have also promoted many subsidy policies to reverse the downward trend in the birth rate.